Jeffrey Kaplan

Jeffrey Kaplan


When Texas Klansman Louis Beam wrote his seminal screed “Leaderless Resistance” in The Seditionist in 1992, he also wrote a lesser-known companion piece advising ‘Patriots’ on how to use a computer or, failing that, offering instructions on setting up a telephone bulletin board for tech-challenged adherents. The beam was tactically prescient, but it took Bill Gates and Windows 95 to make his lone wolf dream a reality. The transnational radical right adopted Beam’s strategy by necessity given their inability to form secure organizational capabilities. This article will follow the evolution of the right-wing lone wolf from such early avatars as Joseph Paul Franklin in the 1960s through the social media-driven killings in Christchurch, New Zealand in 2019. The article will argue that the lone wolf tactic has not only gone viral for the radical right, but of greater importance, that the technological, social, and political changes that have impacted mainstream society in the 21st century has changed the way the lone wolf tactic is employed and understood by contemporary lone wolves on the radical right.


Wave theory refers to the “Four Waves of Modern Terrorism,” which was published in 2004 by David C. Rapoport, professor emeritus at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a founding editor of the journal Terrorism and Political Violence. Wave theory made a unique contribution to the study of terrorism by positing a generational model that linked contemporaneous global terrorist groups based on their shared characteristics of ideology/theology, strategy/tactics, and visions for the future. Although wave theory is focused on the modern period, from the late 19th century to the present day, it is built on a thorough grounding of the history of terrorism, which dates from the 1st century CE.


This article aims to enable readers outside the United States to better understand Washington DC’s events on January 6, 2021. The invasion of the US Capitol Building with the intent to force legislators to reject the electoral college delegates is unprecedented in American history. It opens with a brief introduction describing the attack followed by explanations of the primary ideological strands that motivated the protestors: American populism, conspiratorialism, and the emergent alt-right. The article explains the constituencies of the protestors that stormed Washington and those that attacked the building, with particular reference to the organized militias that served as the shock troops in the capital invasion. It ends with a discussion of the legal and political ramifications of the events.


One of the most pressing, but least documented, humanitarian crises in the world is the persecution of Christian communities. It is a global phenomenon, and the cast of characters is ever expanding and ever changing. Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East the Indian subcontinent, and East Asia with an epicenter in China come most readily to mind, but these are but the best known cases. This article, however, may be thought of as a kind of precursor to the wider topic of the persecution of Christians in that it focuses on a particular methodological approach to the study of persecuted and endangered Christian communities. Field work, particularly in its participant/observer format, is our focus today. To illustrate the importance of fieldwork on the studies which will be made of the global persecution of Christians, I offer a case study from my own experience; the small, deeply Christian pro-life rescue movement, and the second is the Euro-American extreme right. The rescue movement offers an ideal microcosm of what can be gained, and what are the risks, of intensive participant/observer fieldwork.


Jeffrey Kaplan, Visiting Professor, University of Óbuda Visiting Fellow  “New Trends in European Terrorism: The case of France,” Trends Abu Dabi, 


Jeffrey Kaplan, Distinguished Fellow, Danube Institute and Visiting Professor, University of Óbuda Budapest, Hungary. "A World Remade: 9/11, America and the Western World," Trends Abu Dabi, 


When crowds of supporters of President Donald Trump flocked to Washington in response to the President’s claims of widespread election fraud, most Americans were unsurprised. The remarkably disparate crowd that descended on the capitol to protest the congressional ratification of the election was for most Americans, simply good television. In any case, it was well within the law.


While most observers classified the demonstrators called to Washington by President Trump as denizens of the far right, a closer examination of those arrested for entering the Capitol reveal a strikingly diverse group. Only a small percentage fit the description of members of the radical right. Rather, the most common thread was fealty to the President forged through adherence to QAnon and other conspiratorial beliefs.


In the second part of "The Policy Makers Discussion" participated Jeff Sessions, former U.S. Attorney General, and U.S. Senator, Dr. Jeffrey Kaplan, Distinguished Senior Fellow, Dr. David L. Dusenbury, Visiting Fellow, and Tamás Orbán, Researcher at Danube Institute. Introduced and moderated by Dr. Calum T. M. Nicholson, Visiting Fellow at Danube Institute.