Putting the Krk LNG terminal into operation in 2021 provides a chance for reshaping the gas supply market of the region and of Hungary for the first time in decades. The importance of the Krk terminal has aroused a wide range of interests among gas market players in the region, both in terms of its practical and diplomatic value. Hungary has already announced its 250 million cubic meters (mcm) demand from the Krk terminal, as this volume seems almost insignificant in terms of the country’s gas demand. However, in the following years, the quantity purchased from there may reach 1 billion cubic meters (bcm), which will mean a significant 10% share of the import gas market in Hungary. At present, the terminal can be called a historical step forward not in terms of its results, but rather its perspective and diplomatic message value as it reduced the region’s Russian gas dependence by making the Western and Transatlantic gas supply markets[i] available.
Hungary’s Gas Supply - overall picture
In Hungary, natural gas is the most important energy source: its share among the primary energy sources exceeds 40%. Hungary’s gas import demand is currently ensured by five cross-border entry points, namely Beregdaróc (Ukraine-Hungary), Mosonmagyaróvár (Austria-Hungary), Drávaszerdahely (Croatia-Hungary), Csanádpalota (Romania-Hungary), and Balassagyarmat (Slovakia-Hungary).
Operating cross-border gas entry and exit points in Hungary, 2021
Source: FGSZ Hungary[i]
[i] SZOKE, Evelin: LNG cargo set to arrive at Croatia’s Krk terminal today bringing gas to Hungary. In: CEE Energy News, 23.03.2021. https://ceenergynews.com/oil-gas/second-lng-cargo-is-set-to-arrive-at-croatias-krk-terminal-today-bringing-gas-to-hungary/ (27.06.2021)