Christianity and democracy

Members: Ádám Darabos, András Jancsó

Our research explores Christianity’s role in shaping European politics. The most obvious influence is through Christian Democracy as a set of principles and values, moreover those practices and institutions that had been founded in Europe during the Christian Middle Ages. A study of these principles, values, practices and institutions  contribute to the rediscovery of the Christian origins of modern Europe  providing a more solid ground for maintaining the Christian political tradition in both theory and practice.


Abstract: The dilemma of whether a political party represents Christian democratic values in the public sphere ‘truly’ is exposed to day-to-day political debates. This article would like to contribute to the understanding of Christian democratic politics by presenting different paths to identify the presence of Christian democratic elements in politics.


Christian Democratic politics is commonly associated with the German Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and Christian Social Union (CSU) in Europe. Although the federal elections are approaching, a topic that deserves plenty of attention in its own right, it is also crucial to understand the past decade of Christian democracy in Germany. This article would like to contribute to this effort by providing an insight into three relevant English-language research articles on the topic.


In the scientific literature, the examination of Christian democracy generally belongs to the researcher interested in the history of politics; the Christian democratic movement, the parties, or its leaders are in the focus of a historical elaboration, and Christian democracy is rarely analyzed as a distinct political ideology. Partly this theoretical niche prompted Carlo Invernizzi Accetti (2019) to write a monograph on the question entitled What is Christian Democracy? Politics, Religion and Ideology. This article offers an overview – mainly based on Invernizzi Accetti’s arguments – on the principles of Christian democratic ideology


Christian Democracy, just like other political ideologies, has a solid value orientation. Naturally, values tend to change in the light of the dominant norms of the current society. However, there is also a general expectation that some „core values” are so significant that they should be more resistant to the alterations of times. One of the decent ways to analyze the stability and flexibility of these value orientations is to look at the government programs of political parties. In the article below, the most significant European Christian Democratic parties, CDU and CSU will be investigated by looking at the Düsseldorf Guidelines from 1949 and the Government program for 2017 elections highlighting some central similarities and differences.


We are often told that the world is more peaceful today than it ever was. The number of wars – especially that of “classic”, inter-state wars – is significantly lower than at any point in human history, and if ordinary people think otherwise (so the argument goes), they are simply misled by the tension between their pacifist expectations and the violent image of the world presented by today’s global and often sensationalistic media.


Christian realism is a crucial phenomenon of modern political thought. Although several authors can be termed as Christian realists (e.g. John C. Bennett or Robin Lovin), there is a consensus in the scientific literature that “Reinhold Niebuhr was the most important voice of this movement” (Lovin, 1995, p. 2).


Richard Neuhaus’ The Naked Public Square famously complained in the 1980s that modern secularized politics, a strict separation of church and state tended to eliminate religious and moral values from public discourse.