Geopolitics

Head of Research Group: Anton Bendarzsevszkij Members: Enikő Bagoly, Dávid Nagy, Tamás Orbán, Péter Szitás

Understanding geopolitical processes in the XXI. century is more important than ever. This is especially true for our region: the size of a given country, its resources, the population that lives there, and perhaps even more, the geographical position of the state determines its foreign policy and its room for manoeuvres. With the help of geopolitics, we can fundamentally understand international relations and the motivations and behaviour of global actors. More importantly, we can anticipate foreign policy processes and thus prepare for them, become active participants and contributors. Whether it is question of energy supplies, defense policy, EU enlargement, the functioning of international institutions or water policy, it is important that we remain more than just passive observers of global events. The Danube Institute’s Geopolitics Research Group analyses and interprets these geopolitical processes for domestic and international readers and decision-makers - from the distinctive perspective of the Visegrad Group.

31/03/2021

The countries of the Visegrad Group altogether have the 5th largest economy in Europe, and the 12th largest in the world, and experts are beginning to call the region the new economic motor of the European Union. With their third largest population in the EU after Germany and France, the V4 has a great potential to grow. After the unfortunate historic split of Europe in the 16th century, after which Western Europe advanced on the way to prosperity and industrialization, and Central and Eastern Europe to economic stagnation, we may see a chance to bring the two parts of Europe together again.

30/03/2021

In the first half of its history, the Visegrad Countries’ cooperation focused on accession into Euro-Atlantic structures. An objection to the original proposed strategic goals resulted resettling the key areas of the V4 cooperation, as the new Declaration stipulates: developing cooperation within the V4 and the EU, toward the NATO and other integrational organizations and partners. By accessing to the Schengen zone, the V4 achieved advanced integration within the EU, parallelly, by launching the International Visegrad Fund, the V4 aspired to strengthening ties within the area.

30/03/2021

The Visegrad Group (V4) was established with the common vision that regional cooperation of the Central-European countries will lead to effectiveness and expediency on the path to Euro-Atlantic integration. Through the years, without a tight bound agreement, common budget or a robust institutional structure the V4 not only led its participants back to Europe but after some revitalization it proved that it has more potential as an instrument of joint advocacy in the international arena. It proved that the development and the success of an organization does not necessarily depend on its level of institutionalization and with its own open, flexible and informal institutionalized initiative it could became a highly respected “brand” of cooperation.

29/03/2021

Visegrad is a symbolic place in Central Europe. The citadel of the picturesque settlement hosted a summit in 1335 where Casimir the Great of Poland, King John of Luxembourg of the Kingdom of Bohemia and King Charles Robert of Hungary pledged allegiance and struck an agreement on trade cooperation. This royal meeting not only settled relations between the parties concerned in a mature way but negotiated resolutions that belied the age, promising a prosperous common future.

28/03/2021

The constellation known as the Visegrad Group has been widely regarded as the political success story of Central Europe, and even though it has experienced temporary setbacks as every long-term political project does, the V4 has been able to grow in scope and relevance even after its initial goals had been met. In the following chapters we will take a look at the major topics and themes which preoccupied – and gave purpose to – the V4 in different periods of its existence, the most important meetings and summits it held over the past thirty years.

29/01/2021

This paper analyses the efforts made by the countries of the Visegrad Group against the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, including the respected countries’ vaccination plan, contracts negotiated with other states and private companies, in order to allocate the necessary amount of vaccines for the population, research plans and also the availability of their own facilities capable of producing larger amount of vaccines if needed.

31/12/2020

President Trump’s policies under the slogan ‘America First’ have propelled major changes not only in US domestic affairs, but also on the global political theatre. The Trump administration effectively distanced itself from allies and foes alike, pursued aggressive trade policies across the globe, favoured immediate solutions over long-term strategies, and put the apparent interests of the United States before anything else.