The analysis discusses Russia's Middle East policy, highlighting its recognition of the region's secondary role in national security but emphasizing three key priorities: historical-status, economic opportunities, and the geopolitical-security dimension. Stemming from the Soviet Union's decline, President Putin's era witnessed a more assertive foreign policy, employing diplomacy, economic ties, and military strength. The report also delves into partnerships with Syria and Iran, exploring the evolving alliance with Syria through military intervention, political support, and economic collaboration. Russian-Iranian relations showcase shared positions, economic ties, and military cooperation. Thirdly the impact of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is discussed, noting strains on Russia-Israel relations and strategic efforts amid the Israel-Hamas war. Overall, the analysis provides a comprehensive overview of Russia's Middle East policy, encompassing historical, economic, and geopolitical-security factors, key partnerships, and the impact of regional conflicts on Russian interests.